|English Name: - Ashy-headed Laughing Thrush|
Sinhala Name: - Alu Demalichcha
Scientific Name: - Garrulax cinereifrons
The Ashy-headed Laughing Thrush, Garrulax cinereifrons, is an Old World babbler. The Old World babblers are a large family of Old World passerine birds characterised by soft fluffy plumage. These are birds of tropical areas, with the greatest variety in Southeast Asia.
The Ashy-headed Laughing Thrush is a rangy bird, 23 centimetres (9 in) in length with a long floppy tail. It is Rufous brown above and deep buff below, with a grey head and white throat. Like other babblers, these are noisy birds, and the characteristic laughing calls are often the best indication that they are present, since they are often difficult to see in their preferred habitat.
The Ashy-headed Laughing Thrush is a resident breeding bird endemic to Sri Lanka. Its habitat is rainforest, and it is seldom seen away from deep jungle or dense bamboo thickets in the wet zone. This species, like most babblers, is not migratory, and has short rounded wings and a weak flight.
Although its habitat is under threat, this Laughing Thrush occurs in all the forests of the wet zone, and is quite common at prime sites like Kithulgala and Sinharaja. It builds its nest in a bush, concealed in dense masses of foliage. The normal clutch is three or four eggs. As with other babbler species, Ashy-headed Laughing Thrushes frequently occur in groups of up to a dozen, and are also often found in the mixed feeding flocks typical of tropical Asian jungle. They feed mainly on insects, but also eat jungle berries.
Content source: - Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia
|Brown Capped Babbler|
|English Name: - Brown Capped Babbler|
Sinhala Name: - Lanka Mudun Bora Demalichcha
Scientific Name: - Pellorneum fuscocapillus
|The Brown-capped Babbler; Pellorneum fuscocapillus is an endemic resident breeding bird in Sri Lanka. Its habitat is forest undergrowth and thick scrub. This species, like most babblers, is not migratory, and has short rounded wings and a weak flight. This babbler builds its nest on the ground or in a hole, concealed in dense masses of foliage. The normal clutch is two or three eggs. The Brown-capped Babbler measures 16 cm including its long tail. It is brown above and rich cinnamon below. It has a dark brown crown. Brown-capped Babblers have short dark bills. Their food is mainly insects. They can be difficult to observe in the dense vegetation they prefer, but like other babblers, these are noisy birds, and their characteristic calls are often the best indication that these birds are present.|
The Brown-capped Babbler (Pellorneum fuscocapillus) is an Old World babbler. The Old World babblers are a large family of passerine birds characterised by soft fluffy plumage. These are birds of tropical areas, with the greatest variety in Southeast Asia.
Content source: - Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia
|Ceylon Scimitar Babbler|
|English Name: - Ceylon Scimitar Babbler|
Sinhala Name: - Dekathi Demalichcha
Scientific Name: - Pomatorhinus melanurus
The Sri Lanka Scimitar-babbler or Ceylon Scimitar-babbler (Pomatorhinus melanurus) is an Old World babbler. It is endemic to the Island of Sri Lanka, and was formerly treated as a subspecies of Indian Scimitar-babbler. The nominate form is found in the western part of wet hill regions of Sri Lanka, while race holdsworthi is found in the dry lowlands and eastern hills.
Most Scimitar-babbler species are referred as parandel kurulla by the Sinhala speaking community. The term 'parandel' refers to dried grass and probably refers to the color of the bird. The vernacular name of the bird parandel kurulla roughly translates to English as 'dried-grass colored bird'. This bird appears in a 4.50 rupee Sri Lankan postal stamp.Content source: - Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia
|Sri Lanka Orange-billed Babbler|
|English Name: - Sri Lanka Orange-billed Babbler|
Sinhala Name: - Rathu Demalichcha
Scientific Name: - Turdoides rufescens
The Orange-billed Babbler, Turdoides rufescens, also known as Ceylon Rufous Babbler or Sri Lankan Rufous Babbler is an Old World babbler. The Old World babblers are a large family of Old World passerine birds characterized by soft fluffy plumage. These are birds of tropical areas, with the greatest variety in Southeast Asia.
The Orange-billed Babbler is a resident breeding bird endemic to Sri Lanka. In the past, it was considered to be a race of Jungle Babbler, Turdoides striatus. Its habitat is rainforest, and it is seldom seen away from deep jungle. This species, like most babblers, is not migratory, and has short rounded wings and a weak flight. Although its habitat is under threat, it occurs in all the forests of the wet zone, and is quite common at prime sites like Kithulgala and Sinharaja. It builds its nest in a tree, concealed in dense masses of foliage. The normal clutch is two or three deep greenish blue eggs.
These birds are plain orange brown below, and have a slightly darker shade above. The crown and nape are grey, and the bill is orange. The Orange-billed Babbler lives in flocks of seven to ten or more. It is a noisy bird, and the presence of a flock may generally be known at some distance by the continual chattering, squeaking and chirping produced by its members. It is usually the first sign that a mixed-species feeding flock, so characteristic of Asian wet forests, is in the vicinity. It feeds mainly on insects, but also eats jungle berries.Content source: - Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia
|Sri Lanka Bush Warbler|
|English Name: - Sri Lanka Bush Warbler|
Sinhala Name: - Lanka Rusi-Raviya
Scientific Name: - Elaphrornis palliseri
The Sri Lanka Bush Warbler, Ceylon Bush Warbler or Palliser's Warbler (Elaphrornis palliseri) is an Old World warbler which is an endemic resident breeder in Sri Lanka, where it is the only bush warbler. The Sri Lanka Bush Warbler has sometimes been placed in the genus Bradypterus; it appears to be closely related to that genus, but differs in structure (relatively shorter-tailed and longer-billed), plumage (unmarked) and song. It is monotypic.
The Sri Lanka Bush Warbler is a bird of dense forest undergrowth, often close to water. It is found in the highlands of central Sri Lanka, usually above 1200 m. The nest is built in a shrub, and two eggs are laid.Content source: - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia
This is a medium-large warbler at 14 cm. The adult has a plain brown back, pale grey under parts, a broad tail and short wings. There is a weak super cilium, and the throat is tinged orange. The sexes are identical, as with most warblers, but young birds lack the throat colouration. The Sri Lanka Bush Warbler is a skulk species which can very difficult to see. Perhaps the best site is Horton Plains National Park. It keeps low in vegetation, and, like most warblers, it is insectivorous. Males are often only detected by the loud song, which has an explosive queer.
|English Name: - White-throated Flowerpecker|
Sinhala Name: - Lanka Pilalichcha
Scientific Name: - Dicaeum vincens
White-throated Flowerpecker (Dicaeum vincens) is a small passerine bird. It is an endemic resident breeder in Sri Lanka. It is named after the Australian ornithologist William Vincent Legge. White-throated Flowerpecker is a common resident breeding bird of forests and other well-wooded habitats including gardens. Two eggs are laid in a purse-like nest suspended from a tree.
This is a very small, stout Flowerpecker, 10 cm in length, with a short tail, short thick curved bill and tubular tongue. The latter features reflect the importance of nectar in its diet, although berries, spiders and insects are also taken.
The male White-throated Flowerpecker has blue-black upperparts, a white throat and upper breast, and yellow lower breast and belly. The female is duller, with olive-brown upperparts.Content source: - Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia
|Sri Lanka White-eye|
|English Name: - Sri Lanka White-eye|
Sinhala Name: - Lanka Sithasiya
Scientific Name: -Zosterops ceylonensis
|The Sri Lanka White-eye, Zosterops ceylonensis, is a small passerine bird in the white-eye family. It is a resident breeder in forests, gardens and plantations which is endemic to Sri Lanka, mainly in the highlands.|
This bird is slightly larger than the Oriental White-eye (about 11 cm long) which it replaces above 4000 ft. The upper parts of the body and sides of neck are dark olive green. The rump appears paler green while the crown and forehead appear darker. The wings and tail are brown edged with green on the back. The typical ring of tiny white feathers around the eye is present. The lores are dark and there is a dark streak below the eye. The chin, throat and upper breast are greenish-yellow as are the thighs and vent. The belly region is grayish white. The dark bill has a slaty base to the lower mandible. The legs are dark. The iris is yellow to reddish-brown.
This species can be distinguished from the widespread Oriental White-eye, Zosterops palpebrosus, by its larger size, duller green back and more extensive yellow on the breast. It has a darker patch between the eye and the bill. It is sociable, forming large flocks which only separate on the approach of the breeding season. It builds a tree nest and lays 3 unspotted pale blue eggs. Though mainly insectivorous, Sri Lankan White-eye will also eat nectar and fruits of various kinds.
The English and scientific names refer to the conspicuous ring of white feathers round the eyes, Zosterops being Greek for girdle-eye.
Content source: - Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia
|Sri Lanka White-headed Starling|
|English Name: - Sri Lanka White-headed Starling|
Sinhala Name: – Hisa-sudu Sharikava
Scientific Name: - Sturnia albofrontata
The White-faced Starling, Sturnus albofrontatus, is a member of the starling family of birds. It is an endemic resident breeder in Sri Lanka. It was for a long time erroneously known as S. senex; this was eventually identified as a junior synonym of the Red-billed Starling (Mees 1997).
The adults of these 22 cm-long birds have green-glossed dark grey upperparts and whitish under parts. The head is paler than the under parts. The sexes are similar, but juveniles are duller, with brown upperparts and greyer under parts.
The White-faced Starling, Sturnus albofrontatus, is another hill country endemic recorded only above 1000 m altitude where it could be the commonest bird. Forms scattered flocks except in the breeding season, when it pairs up. Slightly larger than the similar looking oriental White-eye and also is of a darker jungle green plumage. The white eye-ring is more widely broken is front than in Oriental. Lower breast, belly and flanks are grayish-white. Nuwara-Eliya and Horton Plains are two of the best sites for this species.
This passerine is typically found in tall forest, usually high in the canopy. The White-faced Starling builds its nest in a hole. The normal clutch is two eggs.Content source: - Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia
Like most starlings, the White-faced Starling is fairly omnivorous, eating fruit, nectar and insects.
|Sri Lanka Mynah|
|English Name: - Sri Lanka Mynah|
Sinhala Name: - Lanka Salalihiniya
Scientific Name: - Gracula ptilogenys
The Sri Lanka Myna, Ceylon Myna or Sri Lanka Hill Myna (Gracula ptilogenys), is a Myna, a member of the starling family. This bird is endemic to Sri Lanka.
This passerine is typically found in forest and cultivation. The Sri Lanka Myna builds a nest in a hole. The normal clutch is two eggs.
These 25 cm long birds have green-glossed black plumage, purple-tinged on the head and neck. There are large white wing patches, which are obvious in flight. The strong legs are bright yellow, and there are yellow wattles on the nape.
The different shape and position of the wattles and the stouter orange-red bill distinguish this species from the Southern Hill Myna, which also occurs in Sri Lankan forests. The sexes are similar, but juveniles have a duller bill.
Rather larger than the Common Mynah; larger than the Salalihiniya but very similar to it except having only one part of wattles, those at the back of the head, and some black at the base of the beak. Sexes are alike, and the young differ only in being duller, and having smaller wattles. It lives in scattered in colonies, but does not seem to be as gregarious as Salalihiniya (The Common Hill-Myna), usually occurring in pairs. It loves high trees, and may be found in the heart of tall forests, as well as on estates and village gardens in their neighbourhood. It is a restless bird. The food consists of wild fruits such as, Bo and Nuga figs, wild nutmegs, and Sapu seeds.
The breeding season is February-May and a secondary season in August-September. The nest is made in a cavity in a tree-bole or large branch. The two eggs are pale Prussian blue, blotched with purplish brown. They measure about 33×25mm. Sri Lanka Mynah inhabits the forests and well-wooded areas of the wet zone, the hills, and the wetter districts of the south and west, to at least 6,000 feet. Occasionally it strays into the drier, eastern slopes of the main range, but it is essentially a bird of the wet-zone hills.Content source: - Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia
Like most starlings, the Sri Lanka Myna is fairly omnivorous, eating fruit, nectar and insects.
|Ceylon Crested Drongo|
|English Name: - Ceylon Crested Drongo|
Sinhala Name: - Konda Kawda
Scientific Name: - Dicrurus lophorinus / Dicrurus paradiseus
Black plumage with metallic blue or greenish-blue gloss
Arching, helmet-like crest
Deeply forked tail
BehaviorForest, forest edges, plantations, wooded gardens.
Like most Drongo’s, hawks after insects from open perches.
A superb mimic of the calls of other birds but always has a metallic sound.
Ceylon Crested Drongo (Dicrurus lophorinus)
Formerly, regarded as a race of the Greater Racket-tailed Drongo, which occur as a dry zone race. Generally, the Ceylon Crested Drongo has a smaller and brush-like frontal crest and a deeply forked tail, without rackets. In some birds, the crest can be as pronounced as in the Racket-tailed Drongo. This leads to disparities in the published literature. It is a highly vocal bird and is easily located as a result. It is a nucleus species in feeding flocks. It has a variety of loud, bell-like calls and chatter, which enliven the forest. It also has harsh calls, and mimics a variety of birds and a few animals.
|Ceylon Blue Magpie|
|English Name: - Ceylon Blue Magpie|
Sinhala Name: - Kahibella
Scientific Name: - Urocissa ornata
|The Sri Lanka Blue Magpie or Ceylon Magpie is a member of the Crow family living in the hill forests of Sri Lanka, where it is endemic. In Sri Lanka, this bird is known as Kahibella in Sinhala Language. Blue Magpie appears in a 10 cents Sri Lankan postal stamp, which was in wide usage in 1980s through 1990s.|
Sri Lanka Blue Magpie is about the same size as the European Magpie at 42–47 cm. The adults are blue with chestnut head and wings, and a long white-tipped tail. The legs and bill are red. The young bird is a duller version of the adult. Sri Lanka Blue Magpie has a variety of calls including mimicry, a loud chink-chink and a rasping krak-krak-krak-krak.
It is scarce and usually shy, but locally common and bolder. It associates in flocks up to six or seven, but pairs or solitary individuals are sometimes met with. A very energetic, agile bird, most of its time is spent in searching for food among foliage at all levels from the ground to the tops of tall trees. It captures the critters like hairy caterpillars, green tree-crickets, various chafer beetles, tree-frogs and lizards. The breeding season is in the first quarter of the year, so far as is known, but the nest has seldom been found. The nest resembled a small crow’s nest. It is very well concealed among small twigs and foliage near the top of the tree. The eggs number three to five and are whitish, profusely spotted and speckled with various shades of brown. They measure about 30.5 x 22.1 mm. It inhabits the heavy virgin forests of the mountains and wet-zone foot hills.
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